For thousands of years, humans have attempted to replace missing teeth. Evidence shows that these attempts have dated as far back as 2500 B.C., to the ancient Egyptians using gold wire ligatures to hold in place and stabilize teeth that had fallen out. Since then, humans have tried using sea shells, oxen bones, and everything in between as implants to replace missing teeth. Thanks to our ancestors’ innovation and creativity, dental implants are now one of the most successful procedures available on the market.
This infographic below shows the history of how dental implants got to the point where they are today.
Dental Implant History Infographic:
Brief history of dental implants
Graphic presents list of important dental historical facts along with dates.
- 2500 BC – Egyptians – Tooth stabilization using gold wire ligatures.
- 500 BC – Etruscans – Tooth replacement made of oxen bones
- 500 BC – Phoenicians – Gold wires for splinting of periodontically compromised teeth
- 600 AD – Mayans Shells as implants for replacement of mandibular teeth
- 1700 – J. Hunter – Teeth transplantation from one human to the other
- 1809 – J. Maggiolo – Insertion of a gold implant tube into a fresh extraction socket
- 1913 – J. Greenfield – Placement of a gold cylinder as an artificial root
- 1930’s – A. & M. Strock – use of orthopedic screw fixtures made of vitallium placed in both humans and dogs to restore teeth
- 1938 – P.B. Adams – Patent for a cylindrical endosseous implant
- 1940’s – M. Formiggini & F. Zepponi – Development of a post-type endsosseous implant
- 1940’s – G. Dahl – Subperiosteal implant developed in Sweden
- 1952’s – P-I. Branermark – Discovers osseointegration
- 1960’s – R. Cherchieve – Double-helical spiral implant made of Co-Cr
- 1965 – P-I. Branermark – Treatment of first titanium implant patient for a full mouth rehabilitation
- 1968 – L. Linkow – Development of blade implant to treat partial and total edetulism
- 1983 – M. Anderson – Development of the Procera method for high-precision industrial manufacturing of dental crowns and introduction of the first ceramic CAD/CAM coping
- 1998 – P. Malo – All-on-4 treatment conept
- 2005 – Nobel Biocare – Introduction of first comprehensive concept for 3D treatment planning and guided surgery.
- 2005 – Nobel Biocare – Immediate function receives clearance by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
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- Photo credit: Anqiquity Publications Ltd.
- Courtesy of the Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 33-19-20/254.0,
- From Greenfield, E. J. Implantation of artificial crown and bridge abutments. Dent. Cosmos 4:364, 1913.
- From Rosenlicht JL, Ward K. Krauser JT: Impressions at surgical placement and provisionalization of implants. In Fonseca RJ. et al, editors: Oral and maxiliofacial surgery, vol 1, ST Louis, 2009 Elsevier.
- Patent file US 2112007 A
- From Chercheve, R.: Les Implants endo-osseoux, Paris, 1962, Librarie Maloine.
- Taylor, Thomas D. Laney, William R. (1993). Dental Implants: Are They for Me? (Educate Your Patients). London: Quintessence.
- Courtesy of Nobel Biocare
- From www.indiandentalacademy.com